The debate about Calvinism vs Arminianism sometimes center around the issue of predestination. Everyone believes that God does predestine, but to what extent are we predestined to? God has predestined that Christ should live within the believer in order to be saved, but the question is: Does God predestine a certain chosen or elected smaller remnant of people to be saved? Scripture seems to point to this.
Certainly Israel was chosen, as the Apostle Paul points out here in Romans 8:28-30,
“And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose. For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.” (Rom. 8:28-30, NIV)
Calvinists would say that predestination is explicit in this passage of scripture, however, Arminians would interpret this verse to imply that God’s prevenient grace is universally offered to all people, regardless of whether or not they’ve heard the gospel. In a way, this grace also renders the person “neutral” so that they can decide themselves whether to accept or reject Christ (see Monergism).
In the Old Testament, Paul quoted Moses and makes it clear that only a remnant will be saved to continue on as the surviving and true Israel,
“For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel. Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children…” (Rom. 9:6-8)
Furthermore, the argument of whether God is truly merciful or not is clear in the Old Testament. Paul quotes Moses from Exodus 33:19,
“I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.” (Rom 9:14)
This begs us to wonder: “What if my son or daughter, brother or sister, is neither predestined or called by God?” Ouch. A loving father, mother, sibling or spouse, would feel a deep heart-ache if they knew that their loved one was not predestined to be with the Lord on the Last Day.
Another question might be: What about all the other millions of people around the world who have never had the opportunity to hear the gospel of Jesus? Are they not predestined to be saved?
I still have unanswered questions, but for me, come what may, I still believe that God is a sovereign God and will place my bets on God’s mercy, grace and love.